Fun in the Sun
Safety first this summer
It's time for Fourth of July celebrations – fireworks, a backyard barbecue, maybe a trip to the lake. Whatever people have planned, the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services wants them to enjoy their holiday but make sure it's as safe as it is fun.
Fireworks are festive, beautiful and a big part of many Nebraskans' Fourth of July get-togethers. Unfortunately, they can also be dangerous. According to the Nebraska State Fire Marshal's Office, 176 people visited the emergency room with fireworks-related injuries June 25-July 5, 2015.
To enjoy fireworks safely, follow these quick tips from the Consumer Product Safety Commission:
Always have a responsible adult supervise fireworks activities.
Do not let young children light or play with fireworks.
Light fireworks one at a time and then quickly move back to a safe area.
Don't point fireworks at or throw fireworks at another person.
Keep a bucket of water and/or a garden hose nearby whenever you light fireworks.
Don't try to relight a "dud" firework that has not fully ignited.
Don't shoot off fireworks in metal or glass containers.
Dispose of used fireworks by soaking them with plenty of water before you throw them away.
On the Fourth of July, many people fire up their grills and treat their guests to hamburgers. Many people also mistakenly believe the color of the inside of their burger – whether it's pink or brown – lets them know if it is safe to eat. It's a bit more complicated than that.
Studies by the United States Department of Agriculture have found that one out of every four hamburgers turns brown before it has actually reached a safe internal temperature of 160°F. For that reason, the USDA says using a meat thermometer is the only way to make sure your cooked meat is safe to eat.
Use a meat thermometer and follow these other safety tips from the USDA to grill safely this July 4:
Clean all of your work surfaces, utensils and hands with soap and water before cooking.
Use separate plates and utensils for raw meat. Do not use these plates and utensils for cooked meat or ready-to-eat-foods like raw vegetables.
Use a meat thermometer to make sure foods are cooked to the right temperature. Remember that hamburgers should be cooked to 160°F.
Chill or refrigerate leftovers quickly.
Don't leave food out at room temperature for longer than two hours (or one hour if the outdoor temperature is above 90° F).
Bring a cooler to store leftovers if you are away from home.
Swimming is a popular summer pastime and many people spend part of their Fourth of July holiday at the lake or in the pool.
Follow these safety tips from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to stay safe in the water:
Have a responsible adult supervise children swimming or playing in or around water.
Always have children swim with a buddy.
When possible, select swimming sites that have lifeguards.
Learn Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. According to the CDC, in the time it takes for paramedics to arrive, your CPR skills could save someone's life.
Remember that air-filled or foam toys are not safety devices. They are toys, not life jackets. They aren't designed to keep swimmers safe.
Use U.S. Coast Guard-approved life jackets.
Sun and Heat Safety
The Fourth of July holiday is likely to be a hot and sunny one in Nebraska this year. When you are enjoying the sunny weather, remember that unprotected skin can be damaged by the sun in as little as 15 minutes, according to the CDC.
Follow these safety tips from the CDC to avoid sunburn and heat-related illnesses:
Use sunscreen that is at least SPF 15 and has UVA and UVB protection. For the best sun protection, apply sunscreen liberally 30 minutes before you go outdoors.
Remember to reapply your sunscreen throughout the day, especially after swimming.
Stay in the shade or indoors around noon when UV rays are the most harmful.
Wear sunglasses, ideally ones that block close to 100 percent of UVA and UVB rays.
Wear loose, light-colored clothing and a hat.
Stay in air conditioned buildings as much as possible.
Drink lots of water and don't wait until you're thirsty to drink.
Avoid alcohol and limit drinks with caffeine.
Do not leave children or pets in parked cars.
Whether you're traveling to or from your Fourth of July celebration, remember to drive safely. According to DHHS' Injury Prevention program, the Fourth of July is one of the deadliest holidays of the year due to drunk-driving crashes. These deaths are preventable.
Follow these tips to ensure you and your guests make safe driving decisions on July 4:
Designate a sober driver before the Fourth of July party starts.
If you are impaired, call a taxi or ask a family member or friend for a ride home.
If you notice someone is impaired, take their car keys.
If you see a drunk driver on the road, call the police.
And as always, whenever you are driving, remember to wear your seat belt.
Protect Yourself from Bug Bites
Spending time outdoors increases your chances of mosquito and other bug bites.
Follow these tips to protect yourself from West Nile Virus and tick-related diseases:
Use bug spray. Repellents that contain DEET, picaridin, IR3535 and some lemon eucalyptus and para-menthane-diol products provide longer-lasting protection.
Dress in long-sleeved shirts, pants and socks when you're outside.
Limit outdoor activities during dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are most active.
Do frequent tick checks after being outdoors.